World production in coffee year 2019/20 is estimated at 168.55 million bags, which is 1.6% lower than in 2018/19
Coffee Year Production
World production in coffee year 2019/20 is estimated at 168.55 million bags

World production in coffee year 2019/20 is estimated at 168.55 million bags, which is 1.6% lower than in 2018/19. Production  of Robusta increased by 3.2% to 72.82 million bags with the largest increases  in Viet Nam, Indonesiaand Uganda. Arabica production fell by 5.1% to 95.73 million bags, as increases  in Colombia, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and Mexico could not offset losses in output from Brazil and Honduras.

Production in South America fell by 4.6% to 78.87 million bags and accounted for 46.8% of global output.  The regional  decline  is largely due to the decrease in Brazil’s output,  which fell by 6.1% to 59.5 million bags in 2019/20. Brazil’s Arabica output  declined  by 9.9% to 38.7 million bags, while  Robusta  rose  by  2%  to  20.8  million  bags.  Productio in  Colombia  rose  by  1.7%  to 14.1 million bags, as replanted trees  came into production and higher prices in severamonths encouraged farmers to harvest coffee. Perus output  in 2019/20 declined by 4% to 4 million bags due to adverse weather and low prices leading farmers to turn to other crops with better returns.

Output from Asia & Oceania rose by 4.1% to 50.07 million bags. Viet Nam’s production increased by 4% to  31.5  million  bags  in  2019/20, of which  around  5% is Arabica coffee.  Indonesias production increased by 11.7% to  11.19  million  bags  in 2019/20, after  three  years  of falling output.  India experienced another fall in production in 2019/20 due to unfavourable weather, reaching  4.97 million bags, which is 6.7% lower than in 2018/19 and the third consecutive year of decrease.

Central  America & Mexico’s harvest  declined  by 4.5% to 20.76  million bagsProduction  from Honduras  dropped  by 15.4% to 6.2 milliobags  in the  2019/20 as a result  of falling  prices, adverse  weather and  an  outbrea of  coffee  leaf  rust.  Mexico’s  outpu increased by 8% to 4.7 million with support  from the  Mexican government to promote  coffeplantation renewal, value addition  and biodiversity  conservation. Meanwhile, Guatemalas production decreased by 6.4% to 3.75 million bags.

Africas output  remained  stable  at 18.86 million bags in 2019/20. Increases  in production from Ethiopia and from Uganda were offset by declines  in thregion’s next  three  largest  producers. Ethiopia harvested 7.7 million bags, 2.1% more thain 2018/19, due to beneficial  weather and adequate rain. Uganda’s production increased by 11.6% to 5.25 million bagas result  of good weatheand  higher  yields  from  new  tree coming  into  production Côte  dIvoire’s  output decreased by 18.4% to 2 million bags, Tanzanias by 17.3% to 926,000 bags, and Kenyas by 8.6% to 850,000  bags.

Global consumption from October 2019 to September 2020 is estimated to have fallen by 0.9% to 167.59 million bags, following an increase  of 4.6% in 2018/19 to 169.11  million bags. As a result, a surplus of 961,000  bags is estimated for coffee year 2019/20, which limited recovery in the  ICO indicator  price for 2019/20 to an average  of 107.25  US cents/lb, 6.7% higher  than  in 2018/19.

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