Mocha Yemen Coffee


Several fine coffees are grown in Yemen near the Red Sea in the mountainous region on the Arabian peninsula's central through southern regions. Yemen coffees still grow, in greatly reduced quantities from their peak, in the region. The terraces are carved into the hills similar to rice paddies and vineyards in other countries so that they can be easily pruned and harvested, and looking like a vast, beautifully manicured estate.

Summer rains bring all sorts of vegetation out in the mountains, turning the region into a picturesque setting. When summer turns to fall however, the area dries out and only the hardiest plants survive, and the coffee ripens and is harvested. Coffees are processed in the traditional method - dry processed with the fruit still on the beans on rooftops. Not wasting any part of the coffee, the dried coffee cherries at used to make the Yemen "Qishr" - what's become recently popular in North America as a Cascara tea. The term Yemen coffee often refers to Yemen Mocha coffee, a full-bodied coffee with a rich, winey acidity

Mocha coffee is marked as either Mattari (which has chocolate overtones and a heavier body) or Sanani (which is more balanced and with a fruity character). Mocha Sanani coffee is known for its complexity and exotic pungency, while Mattari coffee, which is sometimes blended with Yemen Mocha coffee, is distinguished for its winey acidity. Along with the Indonesian Java Arabica coffee, Mocha is used to make Mocha Java blend coffee that is a traditional favorite. Mocha coffee is one of the first coffees ever cultivated and continues today to be a coffee bean prized by gourmet coffee lovers.

One of the two types of Yemen Mocha coffee along with Mattari, Sanani is a market name that is comprehensive and refers to various coffee-growing regions located to the west of the Yemen capital of Sanaa. A good Sanani coffee exhibits a medium body with a lower acidity than the typical Yemen coffee. Sanani coffee is is well-balanced, with a fruity character, and is distinguished for its complexity and exotic pungence. Sanani coffee is also called Mocha Sanani and Arabian Mocha Sanani.

One of the finest coffees grown in Yemen, Mattari coffee exhibits a winey acidity and has a character that is somewhat sharper than the typical Yemen style coffee. Arabian Mocha Mattari coffee has a slightly heavier body than Sanani coffee and often displays chocolate overtones. Mattari is grown in Bani Mattar, which is located west of the Yemen capital of Sanaa.